The political constitutional and social changes in the united states during 1860 to 1877

And to show that this is no empty boasting for the present occasion, but real tangible fact, you have only to consider the power which our city possesses and which has been won by those very qualities which I have mentioned. Athens, alone of the states we know, comes to her testing time in a greatness that surpasses what was imagined of her. The Master said, "Sufficient food, sufficient weapons, and the trust of the people.

The political constitutional and social changes in the united states during 1860 to 1877

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. People A country for less than two and a half centuries, the United States is a relatively new member of the global communitybut its rapid growth since the 18th century is unparalleled. The early promise of the New World as a refuge and land of opportunity was realized dramatically in the 20th century with the emergence of the United States as a world power.

With a total population exceeded only by those of China and Indiathe United States is also characterized by an extraordinary diversity in ethnic and racial ancestry.

A steady stream of immigration, notably from the s onward, formed a pool of foreign-born persons unmatched by any other nation; 60 million people immigrated to U. Many were driven, seeking escape from political or economic hardship, while others were drawn, by a demand for workers, abundant natural resources, and expansive cheap land.

Most arrived hoping to remake themselves in the New World. Initially, migratory patterns ran east to west and from rural areas to cities, then, in the 20th century, from the South to the Northeast and Midwest. Since the s, though, movement has been primarily from the cities to outlying suburbs and from aging northern metropolises to the growing urban agglomerations of the South, Southwestand West.

At the dawn of the 21st century, the majority of the U. Nonetheless, Americans struggled with the unexpected problems of relative affluence, as well as the persistence of residual poverty. Crime, drug abuseaffordable energy sources, urban sprawlvoter apathypollutionhigh divorce rates, AIDSand excessive litigation remained continuing subjects of concern, as were inequities and inadequacies in education and managed health care.

Among the public policy issues widely debated were abortiongun controlwelfare reforms, and capital punishment. Ideally, social, political, economic, and religious freedom would assure the like treatment of everyone, so that all could achieve goals in accord with their individual talents, if only they worked hard enough.

This strongly held belief has united Americans throughout the centuries. The fact that some groups have not achieved full equality troubles citizens and policy-makers alike. Ethnic distribution After decades of immigration and acculturationmany U.

Ten years later, in the census, those figures had grown to 2. Ethnic European Americans Although the term ethnic is frequently confined to the descendants of the newest immigrants, its broader meaning applies to all groups unified by their cultural heritage and experience in the New World.

In the 19th century, Yankees formed one such group, marked by common religion and by habits shaped by the original Puritan settlers.

The political constitutional and social changes in the united states during 1860 to 1877

Tightly knit communitiesfirm religious values, and a belief in the value of education resulted in prominent positions for Yankees in business, in literature and law, and in cultural and philanthropic institutions.

They long identified with the Republican Party. Southern whites and their descendants, by contrast, remained preponderantly rural as migration took them westward across Tennessee and Kentucky to ArkansasMissouriOklahomaand Texas.

These people inhabited small towns until the industrialization of the South in the 20th century, and they preserved affiliations with the Democratic Party until the s. The colonial population also contained other elements that long sustained their group identities.

The Pennsylvania Germansheld together by religion and language, still pursue their own way of life after three centuries, as exemplified by the Amish. The great 19th-century German migrations, however, were made up of families who dispersed in the cities as well as in the agricultural areas to the West; to the extent that ethnic ties have survived they are largely sentimental.

That is also true of the Scots, Scotch-Irish, Welsh, and Dutch, whose colonial nuclei received some reinforcement after but who gradually adapted to the ways of the larger surrounding groups.

Distinctive language and religion preserved some coherence among the descendants of the Scandinavian newcomers of the 19th century. Where these people clustered in sizeable settlements, as in Minnesotathey transmitted a sense of identity beyond the second generation; and emotional attachments to the lands of origin lingered.

Religion was a powerful force for cohesion among the Roman Catholic Irish and the Jewsboth tiny groups beforeboth reinforced by mass migration thereafter. Both have now become strikingly heterogeneousdisplaying a wide variety of economic and social conditions, as well as a degree of conformity to the styles of life of other Americans.

Indeed, by the s ethnic in its narrow connotation had come to be used to describe the Americans of Polish, Italian, Lithuanian, Czech, and Ukrainian extraction, along with those of other eastern and southern European ancestry.Political parties in the United States are mostly dominated by a two-party system consisting of the Democrats and the Republicans.

Though the United States Constitution has always been silent on the issue of political parties since at the time it was signed in there were no parties in the nation. United States - People: A country for less than two and a half centuries, the United States is a relatively new member of the global community, but its rapid growth since the 18th century is unparalleled.

The early promise of the New World as a refuge and land of opportunity was realized dramatically in the 20th century with the emergence of the United States as a world power.

People. A country for less than two and a half centuries, the United States is a relatively new member of the global community, but its rapid growth since the 18th century is ashio-midori.com early promise of the New World as a refuge and land of opportunity was realized dramatically in the 20th century with the emergence of the United States as a world power.

United States, officially United States of America, abbreviated U.S. or U.S.A., byname America, country in North America, a federal republic of 50 states. Besides the 48 conterminous states that occupy the middle latitudes of the continent, the United States includes the state of Alaska, at the northwestern extreme of North America, and the island state of Hawaii, in the mid-Pacific Ocean.

The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.

The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.

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