The top ten migration corridors worldwide are[ when? Mexico—United States ; 3. China mainland—Hong Kong ;
A World on the Move: The Benefits of Migration Date Publish: Thursday, September 25, - Brussels, Belgium Check against delivery It is my pleasure to be here today in Brussels to talk about some of the opportunities and benefits that migration brings to countries of origin and destination as well as to the migrants themselves.
The XXI Century is the century of human mobility and migration. We can no longer think about our economies, societies or cultures without thinking about human mobility.
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According to all the available information, this human mobility is expected to increase and nearly double in the near future. The arguments in favour of the facilitation of human mobility are not only human rights-based, but also demographic, social and economic.
No one puts in question anymore the impact that ageing populations, low birth rates, longer life expectancy and urbanisation have in the economies and social protection systems of developed and high-middle income countries. The links between migration and development of countries of origin and destination are also much better understood and recognised today, and States are adopting policies and systems that enhance the positive impact of migration into their development and economic growth planning.
Despite the general acceptance that migration is inevitable, necessary and desirable, there is a worrying rise in discrimination, xenophobia, exclusion, and human rights violations of migrants throughout the world.
The general public has predominantly negative feelings about migration and migrants, and a sense that governments do not have matters properly under control. This public perception has restricted the ability of politicians to advance the economic arguments in their discourse about migration and develop more realistic and fact-based policy and legislative frameworks.
That is why, I wish to challenge today some of the current misperceptions about migration and the distorted way in which migration issues are discussed.
I strongly believe that we need a more balanced and evidence-based debate about migration, where the real facts are presented and discussed openly.
Let me begin by giving you a few examples. First, a common misperception is that there are too many immigrants. Misconceptions so distort reality that in some European countries ordinary citizens estimate the number of immigrants at three times more than there really are.
The Transatlantic Trends survey conducted by the German Marshall Fund showed that misinformation about basic migration facts is a key factor responsible for anti-immigrant sentiment. In countries like the U. A second misperception is that the majority of migrants come from the poorest parts of the world.
Over a fifth of migrants move across developed countries. People are just as likely to move between countries in the South as they are to move from South to North.
Third, migration is commonly perceived as solely an immigration issue. How many Europeans are aware that the British diaspora, some 5 million people, is the eighth largest in the world? We need to change our mind-set, especially given that a growing number of people are moving from the North to the South in search of work.
You are all familiar with examples of Portuguese moving to Angola or Spanish moving to Argentina, for instance. Migration is now a global phenomenon affecting nearly all countries of the world. Coming as I do from Costa Rica, I am not going to pretend that migration does not have its downsides.
But what I would like to do today is to outline some of the key benefits of migration. Too often the media and public debate about migration focuses only on the negative aspects of migration. The reality is that migration brings huge benefits, fuelling growth, innovation and entrepreneurship in both the countries people come from, and in those they move to.Wilson, Ben () Origin, destination and convergence: understanding the fertility of international migrants and their descendants.
PhD thesis, The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE). Human migration is the movement by people from one place to another with the intentions of settling, permanently or temporarily in a new location.
The movement is often over long distances and from one country to another, but internal migration is also possible; indeed, this is the dominant form globally. People may migrate as individuals, in family units or in large groups.
Should the United States close its borders to immigrants because of their numbers, their countries of origin, their politics, religions, financial means, educational levels, or medical conditions—all of which have been factors in one or more immigration laws over the past years? According to the essay “Line Inspection at Ellis.
Working Papers Paper 32, April The determinants of international migration Conceptualising policy, origin and destination effects Hein de Haas.
The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database has information on almost 36, slaving voyages that forcibly embarked over 10 million Africans for transport to the Americas .
The Amazing Race 30, Episode 1. New York, NY (USA) - Reykjavik (Iceland) Stopovers in Iceland and other stopover possibilities on flights to and from the USA.
Season 30 of The Amazing Race started with the cast members having to fly from New York City to Reykjavik, Iceland.. The teams of cometitors in The Amazing Race around the world all took the same flight on Icelandair, one of two Iceland.