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The occasion was a meeting of the Royal Institution. The speaker was a short, intense, thirty-six-year-old man who had attained considerable success already as an author of articles, stories, and novels. In his high-pitched voice, that has been described as something between a squeak and a falsetto, he was telling his audience about something new in human affairs: The speaker was H.
For eight years he had been writing what he called "scientific romances" that later generations would call "science fiction.
Jack Williamson, the science-fiction author and scholar whose work has been published in eight decades, has said that the most important aspect of Amazing Stories was that it brought back into the public awareness the science-fiction novels and short stories of Wells. Herbert George Wells was born in in Bromley, Kent, the fourth child of a gardener and a lady's maid who had met when both worked at an estate called Up Park.
They had been married eleven years when Bertie was born and for those eleven years had tried to make a living out of a crockery shop named Atlas House. It was a living scarcely distinguishable from poverty; they were able to survive only because of Joseph Wells's career as a professional cricket play and the sale of cricket equipment in the shop.
But it was the burial ground of their hopes. In such dismal circumstances Bertie came along, unwanted, ignored by his father, who was away from home a great deal, and fussed over by his mother, whose fear of failure reflected the English apprehension that success was only a thin crust separating citizens from the volcano beneath.
In Sarah Wells's early Victorian world the most important thing for her children was "getting on," and getting on meant having a solid trade to which one was apprenticed early. Wells attributed his escape from this life and his mother's plans for him to two broken legs.
The first happened to Bertie at the age of seven shortly after his mother proposed that he start helping out in Atlas House. Wells called it "one of the luckiest events of my life" and because of it, he wrote, "I am alive today and writing this autobiography instead of being a worn-out, dismissed and already dead shop assistant.
The second broken leg, four years later, was his father's. Joe Wells broke his thigh falling off a ladder. The accident finished his career as a cricket player.
Shortly afterwards, at the age of fifty-seven, Sarah Wells was given the opportunity to return as housekeeper to the estate at which she had worked before she was married.
She left her husband in possession of Atlas House and her son Bertie apprenticed to a draper. Wells's mother made two more attempts to apprentice her reluctant son, once as a chemist and again as a draper, the latter for two years before he pleaded to be released from the last two years to become an assistant teacher in a middle-class school.
In between his apprenticeships Bertie had proved a remarkable student, and he had spent a winter at Up Park coming into contact with such books as Gulliver's Travels and Plato's Republic, and learning an appreciation for wealth and leisure and gentility.
Desperation, even thoughts of suicide, were behind his battle for freedom. Education was the only hope for a youngster of his class to rise in the world. The year wasfourteen years after the passage of the Elementary Education Act of that began the education of working-class children, half of whom earlier had had no schooling at all.
Wells, however, never attended the National Schools; his mother scrimped to send him to a series of private academies, village schools, and grammar schools, poorly taught though they were.
In his new position Wells taught during the day and studied in the evening, preparing himself to pass a series of examination in physiography, geology, physiology, chemistry, and mathematics. The government, in an effort to train more science teachers, had offered instructors four pounds for each student who achieved an advanced pass in a subject, and the young Wells earned his teacher more than Wells had been paid for his year's work.
In fact, Wells did so well that he was invited to apply for a scholarship at the Normal School of Science in South Kensington.
At the age of eighteen, Wells began a formative period of college studies.
For the first year he studied biology and zoology under Thomas H.Widely considered the father of science fiction, Herbert George Wells (–), or H.G.
Wells, as he was known, was an innovative and prolific writer across many genres. His most famous works – such as The Time Machine, The Invisible Man and The War of the Worlds – are considered modern classics with remarkable cultural and scientific ashio-midori.coms: 2.
Herbert George Wells was born on September 21, in Bromley, England. His father was a professional cricket player who also ran an unsuccessful porcelain and cricket supply business.
Wells was a bright child who began reading at a young age—kindling a life-long passion for literature. Often called the father of science fiction, British author Herbert George (H. G.) Wells literary works are notable for being some of the first titles of the science fiction genre, and include such famed titles as The Time Machine, The War of the Worlds, The Island of Doctor Moreau, and The Invisible Man/5(10).
Definitions of "Science Fiction" And what do we even mean by "science fiction" anyway? In one sense, the first article to define the field was published over years ago, before the field was widely ackonwledged to exist: New Species of Literature "We learn that Mr.
R. A. Locke, the ingenious author of the late 'Moon Story' or 'Astronomical Hoax,' is putting on the stocks the frame of a new. H. G. Wells was born Herbert George in Bromley, Kent, England, on September 21, His father was a professional cricketer and sometimes shopkeeper, his mother a former lady’s maid.
Although “Bertie” left school at fourteen to become a draper’s apprentice (a life he detested), he later won a scholarship to the Normal School of .
Though Wells is considered the “Father of Science Fiction”, it is often argued that Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein is the first work that could be considered true science fiction. Many of the innovative themes used by Mary Shelley unquestionably fall into the realm of modern science fiction.