Of note are the insights into the men who wrote the Constitution, how it was created, and how the Supreme Court has interpreted the Constitution in the two centuries. The interactive quizzes and games are fun.
See Article History Alternative Title: One of the foremost of the Founding FathersFranklin helped draft the Declaration of Independence and was one of its signers, represented the United States in France during the American Revolutionand was a delegate to the Constitutional Convention.
He made important contributions to scienceespecially in the understanding of electricity, and is remembered for the wit, wisdom, and elegance of his writing.
Early life —23 Franklin was born the 10th son of the 17 children of a man who made soap and candles, one of the lowliest of the artisan crafts. At 12 he was apprenticed to his brother Jamesa printer.
In the same period he read tirelessly and taught himself to write effectively. His first enthusiasm was for poetry, but, discouraged with the quality of his own, he gave it up.
Prose was another matter. He read these Spectator papers over and over, copied and recopied them, and then tried to recall them from memory. He even turned them into poetry and then back into prose. Franklin realized, as all the Founders did, that writing competently was such a rare talent in the 18th century that anyone who could do it well immediately attracted attention.
Benjamin, now 16, read and perhaps set in type these contributions and decided that he could do as well himself. Late in James Franklin got into trouble with the provincial authorities and was forbidden to print or publish the Courant.
New indentures were drawn up but not made public.
Youthful adventures —26 Failing to find work in New York CityFranklin at age 17 went on to Quaker-dominated Philadelphiaa much more open and religiously tolerant place than Puritan Boston. One of the most memorable scenes of the Autobiography is the description of his arrival on a Sunday morning, tired and hungry.
By the spring of he was enjoying the companionship of other young men with a taste for reading, and he was also being urged to set up in business for himself by the governor of Pennsylvania, Sir William Keith. Not until his ship was well out at sea did he realize that Governor Keith had not delivered the letters of credit and introduction he had promised.
In London Franklin quickly found employment in his trade and was able to lend money to Ralph, who was trying to establish himself as a writer. The two young men enjoyed the theatre and the other pleasures of the city, including women. Franklin argued in his essay that since human beings have no real freedom of choice, they are not morally responsible for their actions.
This was perhaps a nice justification for his self-indulgent behaviour in London and his ignoring of Deborah, to whom he had written only once. He later repudiated the pamphlet, burning all but one of the copies still in his possession.
By Franklin was tiring of London. He considered becoming an itinerant teacher of swimming, but, when Thomas Denham, a Quaker merchant, offered him a clerkship in his store in Philadelphia with a prospect of fat commissions in the West Indian trade, he decided to return home. Achievement of security and fame —53 Denham died, however, a few months after Franklin entered his store.
The young man, now 20, returned to the printing trade and in was able to set up a partnership with a friend. Two years later he borrowed money to become sole proprietor. His private life at this time was extremely complicated. Deborah Read had married, but her husband had deserted her and disappeared.
At this point Deborah may have been the only woman in Philadelphia who would have him, for he brought to the marriage an illegitimate son, William, just borne of a woman who has never been identified.
They had a son, Franky, who died at age four, and a daughter, Sarah, who survived them both.
William was brought up in the household and apparently did not get along well with Deborah. Despite some failures, Franklin prospered. Indeed, he made enough to lend money with interest and to invest in rental properties in Philadelphia and many coastal towns.
By the late s he had become one of the wealthiest colonists in the northern part of the North American continent.The Heritage Guide to the Constitution is intended to provide a brief and accurate explanation of each clause of the Constitution.
- ashio-midori.com - THE AMERICAN FOUNDING ESSAYS ON THE FORMATION OF THE CONSTITUTION DOWNLOAD the american founding essays pdfthe american founders and their relevance todaythe online library of liberty -. The papers collected herein examine the founding of the Republic from both perspectives, analyzing its intellectual sources within Western thought, its political context, and the complex relationships between the two.
Add tags for "The American founding: essays on the formation of the Constitution". Be the first. Read the full-text online edition of The American Founding: Essays on the Formation of the Constitution (). Thus at Venice the College, even in the absence of the Doge, is called "Most Serene Prince." The Palatine of Posen, father of the King of Poland, Duke of Lorraine.