Notes What is E-Commerce? E-commerce is fundamentally World Wide Web-based buying and selling of goods and services. Most people see it as the ultimate form of removing the intermediary or go-between also known as disintermediation. The basics of e-commerce can already be found in Electronic Data Interchange EDI that many corporations already use in conducting transactions between many of their suppliers.
Practice Test Ethics, Social and Political issues Defining the rights of people to express their ideas and the property rights of copyright owners are just two of many ethical, social, and political issues raised by the rapid evolution of e-commerce. The ethical, social, and political issues raised in e-commerce, provide a framework for organizing the issues, and make recommendations for managers who are given the responsibility of operating e-commerce companies within commonly accepted standards of appropriateness.
Understanding Ethical, Social, And Political Issues in E-Commerce Internet and its use in e-commerce have raised pervasive ethical, social and political issues on a scale unprecedented for computer technology.
Controversies over information are often in fact disagreements over power, wealth, influence, and other things thought to be valuable. Like other technologies such as steam, electricity, telephones, and television, the Internet and ecommerce can be used to achieve social progress, and for the most part, this has occurred.
However, the same technologies can be used to commit crimes, despoil the environment, and threaten cherished social values. Before automobiles, there was very little interstate crime and very little federal jurisdiction over crime. Likewise with the Internet: These costs and benefits must be carefully considered by those seeking to make ethical and socially responsible decisions in this new environment.
Public Policy Issues in E commerce The major ethical, social, and political issues that have developed around e commerce over the past seven to eight years can be loosely categorized into four major dimensions: Some of the ethical, social, and political issues raised in each of these areas include the following: What rights to their own personal information do individuals have in a public marketplace, or in their private homes, when Internet technology make information collection so pervasive and efficient?
What rights do individuals have to access information about business firms and other organizations? How can traditional intellectual property rights be enforced in an internet world where perfect copies of protected works can be made and easily distributed worldwide in seconds?
Should the Internet and e-commerce be subject to public laws? Public safety and welfare: What efforts should be undertaken to ensure equitable access to the Internet and ecommerce channels? Should governments be responsible for ensuring that schools and colleges have access to the Internet?
Is certain online content and activities - such as pornography and gambling - a threat to public safety and welfare? Should mobile commerce be allowed from moving vehicles? To illustrate, imagine that at any given moment society and individuals are more or less in an ethical equilibrium brought about by a delicate balancing of individuals, social organizations, and political institutions.
Individuals know what is expected of them, social organizations such as business firms know their limits, capabilities, and roles and political institutions provide a supportive framework of market regulation, banking and commercial law that provides sanctions against violators.
Now, imagine we drop into the middle of this calm setting a powerful new technology such as the Internet and e-commerce. Suddenly individuals, business firms, and political institutions are confronted by new possibilities of behavior. For instance, individuals discover that they can download perfect digital copies of music tracks, something which, under the old technology of CDs, would have been impossible.
The introduction of the Internet and e-commerce impacts individuals, societies, and political institutions. These impacts can be classified into four moral dimensions: The record companies, courts, and Congress were not prepared at first to cope with the onslaught of online digital copying.
How can you make good decisions in this type of situation? Before reviewing the four moral dimensions of e-commerce in greater depth, we will briefly review some basic concepts of ethical reasoning that you can use as a guide to ethical decision making, and provide general reasoning principles about social political issues of the Internet that you will face in the future.
Responsibility Accountability, and Liability Ethics is at the heart of social and political debates about the Internet.
Ethics is the study of principles that individuals and organizations can use to determine right and wrong courses of action.
It is assumed in ethics that individuals are free moral agents who are in a position to make choices. Extending ethics from individuals to business firms and even entire societies can be difficult, but it is not impossible.
As long as there is a decision-making body or individual such as a Board of Directors or CEO in a business firm or a governmental body in a societytheir decisions can be judged against a variety of ethical principles. If you understand some basic ethical principles, your ability to reason about larger social and political debates will be improved.
In western culture, there are ability and liability principles that all ethical schools of thought share: Responsibility means that as free moral agents, individuals, organizations and societies are responsible for the actions they take.
Accountability means that individuals, organizations, and societies should be held accountable to others for the consequences of their actions.Issues in Ecommerce ISSUES IN E-COMMERCE Electronic commerce or ecommerce is a term for any type of business, or commercial transaction that includes the transmit of information across the Internet.
Chapter 8: Ethical, Social, and Political Issues in E-commerce study guide by slayerming1__ includes 29 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more.
Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Electronic Commerce: The Issues and Challenges to Creating Trust and a Positive Image in Consumer Sales on the World Wide Web We live in a world increasingly propelled by technological change.
The next big thrust in a quest to make our lives better, simpler and more productive is . ECT Module 5 Chp. 8; Ethical, Social, and Political Issues in E-Commerce UNDERSTANDING ETHICAL, SOCIAL, AND POLITICAL ISSUES IN E-COMMERCE The internet (like other techs) can: o Enable new crimes o Affect environment o Threaten social values Costs and benefits must be carefully considered, especially when there %(2).
The political environment can impact business organizations in many ways. It could add a risk factor and lead to a major loss.. You should understand that the political factors have the power to change results. The limits of globalization – legal and political issues in e-commerce.
The limits of globalization ± legal and political issues. E-commerce laws were selected from three EU countries.