Visit Website Zhuang and the rest of the Chinese players had arrived at the championships with strict orders to avoid contact with the Americans, but upon learning of the gift exchange, Chairman Mao took it as a political opportunity. After checking with their embassy, the American players accepted. None of the players were particularly accomplished at ping-pong—the U.
History Parker Brothers Ping-Pong game The sport originated in Victorian England, where it was played among the upper-class as an after-dinner parlour game. The name "ping-pong" then came to describe the game played using the rather expensive Jaques's equipment, with other manufacturers calling it table tennis.
A similar situation arose in the United States, where Jaques sold the rights to the "ping-pong" name to Parker Brothers. Parker Brothers then enforced its trademark for the term in the s making the various associations change their names to "table tennis" instead of the more common, but trademarked, term.
Gibb, a British enthusiast of table tennis, who discovered novelty celluloid balls on a trip to the US in and found them to be ideal for the Ping pong diplomacy. This was followed by E. Goode who, ininvented the modern version of the racket by fixing a sheet of pimpled, or stippled, rubber to the wooden blade.
Table tennis was growing in popularity by to the extent that tournaments were being organized, books being written on the subject,  and an unofficial world championship was held in The Ping pong diplomacy of speed glue increased the spin and speed even further, resulting in changes to the equipment to "slow the game down".
Table tennis was introduced as an Olympic sport at the Olympics in By that time, players had begun increasing the thickness of the fast sponge layer on their paddles, which made the game excessively fast and difficult to watch on television.
A few months later, the ITTF changed from a point to an point scoring system and the serve rotation was reduced from five points to twoeffective in September The ITTF also changed the rules on service to prevent a player from hiding the ball during service, in order to increase the average length of rallies and to reduce the server's advantage, effective in The choice of ball color is made according to the table color and its surroundings.
For example, a white ball is easier to see on a green or blue table than it is on a grey table. Manufacturers often indicate the quality of the ball with a star rating system, usually from one to three, three being the highest grade. As this system is not standard across manufacturers, the only way a ball may be used in official competition is upon ITTF approval  the ITTF approval can be seen printed on the ball.
The ITTF approves only wooden tables or their derivates. Concrete tables with a steel net or a solid concrete partition are sometimes available in outside public spaces, such as parks. Table tennis racket Players are equipped with a laminated wooden racket covered with rubber on one or two sides depending on the grip of the player.
The wooden portion of the racket, often referred to as the "blade", commonly features anywhere between one and seven plies of wood, though cork, glass fiber, carbon fiber, aluminum fiber, and Kevlar are sometimes used.
The average size of the blade is about 17 centimetres 6. Table tennis regulations allow different surfaces on each side of the racket.
For example, a player may have a rubber that provides much spin on one side of their racket, and one that provides no spin on the other.
By flipping the racket in play, different types of returns are possible. To help a player distinguish between the rubber used by his opposing player, international rules specify that one side must be red while the other side must be black.
Despite high speed play and rapid exchanges, a player can see clearly what side of the racket was used to hit the ball. Current rules state that, unless damaged in play, the racket cannot be exchanged for another racket at any time during a match. The correct or incorrect guess gives the "winner" the option to choose to serve, receive, or to choose which side of the table to use.
A common but non-sanctioned method is for the players to play the ball back and forth three times and then play out the point.
This is commonly referred to as "serve to play", "rally to serve", "play for serve", or "volley for serve". Service and return Service by Alexander Shibaev In game play, the player serving the ball commences a play.
In casual games, many players do not toss the ball upward; however, this is technically illegal and can give the serving player an unfair advantage. The ball must remain behind the endline and above the upper surface of the table, known as the playing surface, at all times during the service.
If the umpire is doubtful of the legality of a service they may first interrupt play and give a warning to the server.
If the serve is a clear failure or is doubted again by the umpire after the warning, the receiver scores a point.Ping-pong diplomacy was successful and resulted in opening the U.S.-PRC relationship, leading the U.S. to lift the embargo against China on June 10, On February 28, , during President Nixon and Henry Kissinger's visit to Shanghai, the Shanghai Communique was issued between the .
The Ping-Pong Diplomacy: The Secret History Behind the Game That Changed the World has three parts: The West, The East and East meets West. Amazon says this is . Sarah Katherine Mergel is an associate professor of history at Dalton State College in Northwest Georgia.
She is the author of Conservative Intellectuals and Richard Nixon: Rethinking the Rise of the ashio-midori.com is passionate about researching, writing, and teaching on political, intellectual, and diplomatic history since the end of the Civil War.
Table tennis, also known as ping-pong, is a sport in which two or four players hit a lightweight ball back and forth across a table using small ashio-midori.com game takes place on a hard table divided by a net.
Except for the initial serve, the rules are generally as follows: players must allow a ball played toward them to bounce one time on their side of the table, and must return it so that it.
May 04, · North and South Korean teams come together at table tennis world championships. ‘Ping-Pong Diplomacy’ is the story of how the Chinese used table tennis as the a tool for Communist propaganda.