Kinship systems of the inuit culture

Sexual Taboos[ edit ] Taboos are actions that are looked down on from the society as a whole. They are often deemed as inappropriate or illegal especially when regarding sexual behavior. They are the ideals in a culture that are seen as inappropriate such as incest, bestiality, necrophilia, pedophilia, and voyeurism. Statutory rape laws also exist where the government has stepped in and enforced norms on society.

Kinship systems of the inuit culture

A common way to unite families in Inuit or any other society is through marriage. Another rite practised in traditional Inuit society was child betrothal; parents customarily pledged their children to a future marriage.

This drew the parents of the betrothed children into a kinship alliance, even if the marriage never took place. Another means by which an individual was made kin was through adoption. Inuit adoption, however, created more than a bond between the adopted child and its new family. It created a link between the new parents and the natural parents.

All these new links served to establish bonds of co-operation and trust between previously unrelated people. Inuit believe everything evolves. This idea is fundamental to Inuit philosophy, with belonging to a family as the center part of a circle, radiating to encompass the world.

Family and kinship link a person to a certain group of people and help determine identity. Inuit see life as an unbroken circle in which everyone and everything has a role.

While the life cycle of plants, animals, and humans have a beginning and end, the Inuit believe that all life returns to become part of a new life.

This is why Inuit names are significant. Inuit believe the spirit of a person who has died is passed on to the newborn named after them.

Naming provides a link between generations, and ties people to other people who are not necessarily related by blood.

Kinship systems of the inuit culture

Even partnerships, be it wrestling partners or singing or hunting partners, created kinship bonds. The use of namesakes created yet another bond.

Kinship systems of the inuit culture

Naming a child after a recently deceased person meant that the child belonged to two families: Today Inuit in most Nunavut communities are closely related. Marriages, extended families and custom adoptions continue to form bonds of kinship. This is not as much a survival mechanism today as it is a vestige of traditional life, and a function of the cultural and geographic landscape.Hawaiian kinship semantics are now thought to be related to the presence and influence of ambilineal descent systems.

The Hawaiian system can be illustrated by actual Hawaiian terms. Eskimo kinship is a category of kinship used to define family organization in anthropology. Identified by Lewis Henry Morgan in his work Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of the Human Family, the Eskimo system was one of six major kinship systems (Eskimo, Hawaiian, Iroquois, Crow, Omaha, .

The distinction within kinship systems where father's side and mother's side of the family are labeled and treated differently, splitting mother's side of the family from father's side of the family.

Hawaiian kinship semantics are now thought to be related to the presence and influence of ambilineal descent systems. The Hawaiian system can be illustrated by actual Hawaiian terms.

RUNNING HEAD: INUIT KINSHIP 2 Kinship, the relationship between individuals, is a cultural universal that is shared by each family unit. These relationships are defined through marriage, descent, or other cultural arrangements.

In all human societies, kinship is tied to the biological relationships created by human reproduction. However: how different societies sort and categorize kinship relationships is as much a matter of culture as it is of biology.

Systematic Kinship Terminologies