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Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong. A theory proposes some sort of relationship or cause and effect. The goal of the theory is to be able to predict some observation based on some other observation.
That is, the theory of gravitation allows us to drop a hammer from a known height, and predict how long it will take to fall and with what force it will strike the ground.
Theories are tested experimentally. But all you can prove normally with experimentation is that your predictions hold only under the conditions you tested. For example, Newtonian dynamics works very well for the conditions Newton tested, and for which we require predictions in most of what we do.
A scientific theory is not the end result of the scientific method; theories can be proven or rejected, just like hypotheses. Theories can be improved or modified as more information is . The hardest part about understanding scientific theories and hypotheses seems to be this: a hypothesis is never proven correct, nor is a theory ever proven to be true. Words like prove, correct, and true should be removed from . However, there are differences between scientific facts, laws, hypotheses, theories, and beliefs. A fact is a basic statement proven to be true by experiment or observation. If rain is coming from the sky, it is a fact that it is raining.
However, those conditions were limited to velocities that are only a tiny fractions of the speed of light. Newton is right, but only under certain circumstances. This goes right to the heart of investigative epistemology: You can analyze the paper and ink to see whether they are old or modern.
You can interview the people who found it. You can do a number of things to try to detect whether it was a modern forgery.
It may still be false; but just undetectably false. You get the picture. That set of possible methods is practically infinite, so you can never "close" the conjuction.
But on the other hand it only takes one hard failure to dismiss the document as a fake. For example, if the ink was shown to be made by Bic, or that Washington, in the letter, talks about watching television, then you have clear evidence of a fake. You can prove that the ink is modern, OR that the paper is official Mythbusters stationary, OR that it contains an historical anachronism.
You only need one of those in order to prove it false, no matter how many of them are possible. So in science we can only prove a theory absolutely true by "closing the conjunction," or taking an infinite set of observations. In science we have to specifically structure our tests in order to produce a clearly false result where appropriate, and not an ambiguous or inconclusive one.
Going back to the document example, if you want to test the ink then you need a test that will SURELY fail if the ink is modern, not one that might produce the same result for modern and old ink.Theories are one of the pinnacles of science and are widely accepted in the scientific community as being true.
A theory must never be shown to be wrong; if it .
Using strictly scientific definitions, no, a theory cannot be proven true. We shall examine why: Firstly, a hypothesis is an explanation of some phenomenon or group of facts, and can be tested repeatedly.
A good scientific theory can output empirically confirmable truths, and can thus be considered true, even when aspects of the theory can’t be proven true or false with % certainty.
In other words, a theory is a type of probable and useful truth, but it isn’t the same thing as a fact. First of all, by considering only "major scientific theories" you are already limiting yourself to theories that already have a lot of evidence supporting them.
In that case, I claim that none of them will be proven "false". The problem is that science is not really about being true or false.
First of all, by considering only "major scientific theories" you are already limiting yourself to theories that already have a lot of evidence supporting them. In that case, I claim that none of them will be proven "false".
The problem is that s. Can Theories Ever Be Proven % True? | RealClearScience. Can Theories Ever Be Proven % True? Ethan Siegel, Starts with a Bang! January 9, Perhaps no word in the English language generates as much misunderstanding as the word theory.
In scientific circles, this word has a very specific meaning that’s different from everyday .